Role As - Governor of Punjab

Role of The Governor

(Given only in brief; for details and authenticity, please see the Constitution of India)
  • 1. There shall be a Governor for each state (Articles 153 of the Constitution of India). However, same person can be appointed as Governor for two or more States.
  • 2. The executive power of the State shall be vested in the Governor and shall be exercised by him either directly or through officers subordinate to him in accordance with the Constitution of India. The Parliament or the Legislature of the State may confer by law functions on any authority subordinate to the Governor.(Article 154).
  • 3. The Governor of a State shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal (Article 155).
  • 4. The Governor shall hold office during the pleasure of the President. He may resign from his office by addressing the resignation to the President of India. Subject to this, the Governor shall hold office for the period of five years from the date he enters upon his office and continue to hold office until his successor enters upon his office. (Article 156).
  • 5. A person to be eligible for appointment as Governor should be citizen of India and has completed age of 35 years (Article 157).
  • 6. The Governor shall not be a member of the Legislature or Parliament; shall not hold any office of profit, shall be entitled to emoluments and allowances. Where the same person is appointed as the Governor of two or more States, the emoluments and allowances shall be allocated among the States in such proportion as the President may by order determine. (Article 158).
  • 7. Every Governor and every person discharging the function of the Governor shall make and subscribe an oath or Affirmation(Article 159).
  • 8. The President may make such a provision as he thinks fit for the discharge of the functions of the Governor of a State in any contingency not provided for in Chapter II of Part VIof the Constitution.(Article 160).
  • 9. The Governor shall have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, etc. (Article 161).
  • 10. There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister at the head to aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his functions except in so far as he is by or under the Constitution required to exercise his functions or any of them in his discretion.The question whether any, and if so what, advice was tenderedby the Ministers to the Governor shall not be inquired into any court. (Article 163).
  • 11. The Governor appoints Chief Minister and other Ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister, and the Ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the Governor. (Article 164).
  • 12. The Governor appoints the Advocate General for the State and he shall hold office during the pleasure of the Governor. (Article 165).
  • 13. All executive actions, of the Governor of a State shall be expressed to be taken in the name of theGovernor. (Article 166).
  • 14. The Governor shall from time to time summon the Houseof Legislature. He may from time to time prorogue or dissolve the Legislative Assembly. (Article 174).
  • 15. The Governor may address the Legislative Assembly. The Governor may send messages to the House. (Article 175).
  • 16. At the commencement of the first session after each general election to the Legislative Assembly and at the commencement of the first session of each year ,the Governor shall give special address to the House. (Article 176).
  • 17. The Governor assents, withholds assent or reserves for the consideration of the President, the Bill passed by the Legislative Assembly. (Article 200).
  • 18. The Governor shall in respect of every financial year cause to be laid before the House a statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure.(Article 202).
  • 19. No demand for a grant shall be made except on the recommendation of the Governor. (Article 203(3)).
  • 20. The Governor shall cause to be laid before the House another statement showing estimated amount of expenditure. (Article 205).
  • 21. The Governor may promulgate the ordinances under certain circumstances during the recess of Legislature. (Article 213).
  • 22. The Governor appoints the Chairman and other members of the Public Service Commission of the State. (Article 316).
  • 23. The Governor can nominate one member of Anglo-Indian community in the Legislative Assembly, if not adequately represented therein. (Article 333).
  • 24. The governor of the State is to be consulted in notifying Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes with reference to that State. (Articles 341 and 342).
  • 25. The Governor can send report to the President regarding failure of constitutional machinery in the State (Article 356).